No matter whether you’re installing solar panels on a flat, apartment, or house, Polycrystalline solar cells are a great choice.

Polycrystalline panels have lower energy efficiency rates, usually in the 13-16% range.

Monocrystalline panels on the other hand have higher energy efficiencies, ranging from 15 to 20 percent. Because of their poorer efficiency rates, polycrystalline panels are less space-efficient because they generate less power per square foot.

The other types of panels used for domestic properties are PERC Solar Panels, Amorphous thin-film solar panels, and monocrystalline solar panels.

Polycrystalline Solar Cells

What are polycrystalline solar cells?

Solar panels with polycrystalline or multi-crystalline solar cells are made up of many crystals of silicon in a single PV cell.

Polycrystalline solar panel wafers are formed from numerous silicon fragments.

The production of polycrystalline solar cells is less expensive and faster than monocrystalline cells.

Related: Solar Panel Statistics

How do polycrystalline solar cells work?

The cells in this solar panel are composed of a collection of photovoltaic cells. Each cell contains silicon crystals, which make it a semiconductor device.

When the sun’s photons strike the PN junction (junction between N-type and P-type materials), they supply energy to the electrons, allowing them to flow as electric currents.

PV cells use a P-type material in place of oxide to store electricity. The sun’s radiation causes electrons to flow through the PV cell, causing electric current and generating power.

The two electrodes are connected together with a wire. Small wires are contained within the electrode that is on top of the PV cells, but the foil-like conductor is on the bottom.

Related: Monocrystalline Vs. Polycrystalline Solar Panels

The lifespan of polycrystalline solar panels

Polycrystalline PV cells degrade faster than monocrystalline ones, which causes them to lose efficiency a little quicker. However, the lifespan is still in the 20-35 year range, so not too shabby.

Related: Solar Panels – How Do They Work?

The different sizes

Solar panels come in a variety of sizes, with polycrystalline solar modules available in 100 watts to 400 watts and from 60 cells to 144 cells.

If you’re building a small solar system, polycrystalline solar panels are the way to go; they’ll save you money while still providing decent performance.

Polycrystalline solar panel working temperature

The maximum permitted temperature for polycrystalline solar panels is 85°C, whereas the minimum permissible temperature is -40°C.

Polycrystalline solar panels have a lower heat tolerance than monocrystalline ones. As a result, these solar panels’ efficiency decreases as the temperature rises.

The Advantages Of Polycrystalline Solar Panels

Here are some of the advantages of monocrystalline solar cells:

  • Polycrystalline solar cells are less expensive to manufacture than monocrystalline cells.
  • The production process is simpler and shorter, so they can be produced more quickly.
  • They don’t require as much silicon, so they’re less resource-intensive.
  • They have a lower temperature coefficient, meaning they lose less power in high temperatures.
  • The amount of waste produced on the panel due to the way the silicon wafers are applied is also reduced.

The Disadvantages Of Polycrystalline Solar Panels

Here are some of the disadvantages of Polycrystalline solar cells:

  • Because of lower silicon purity, polycrystalline-based solar panels are less efficient.
  • The efficiency of these cells is lower than that of monocrystalline cells.
  • They require more space to produce the same amount of power as monocrystalline panels.
  • The aesthetic appeal is not as great as that of monocrystalline panels.

How Much Do Polycrystalline Solar Cells Cost?

The cost of polycrystalline solar panels varies between $0.90 and $1 per watt or $225 to $250 per 250-watt panel.

This translates to a system cost of $5,400 to $6,000 for polycrystalline solar panels.

Due to the method used to create single-crystalline ingots, monocrystalline solar panels are more expensive.

Related: How Much Do Solar Panel Systems Cost?

Are there government schemes to help with installation?

As a result of its ECO4 program, the government has committed £4 billion to solar panel and heat pump installations in the United Kingdom.

Local authorities will be able to set eligibility criteria based on local needs and circumstances.

This is a significant success since previous regulations had excluded many individuals who required funding.

What’s fascinating about ECO4 is that eligibility isn’t restricted to income or those on social assistance; it can also include the state of the house, the number of people living there, and so on.

How Do I Know If Polycrystalline Solar Panels Are Right For Me?

If you’re looking for solar panels that are less expensive and easier to produce, polycrystalline solar panels are the way to go.

They have a lower temperature coefficient, meaning they lose less power in high temperatures.

However, because of their lower silicon purity, these cells are less efficient than monocrystalline solar panels. They also require more space to produce the same amount of power as monocrystalline panels.

The aesthetic appeal is not as great as that of monocrystalline panels. If you’re looking for the most efficient option, monocrystalline solar panels are the way to go. But if you’re working with a tight budget, polycrystalline solar panels are a good choice.


Can you get black polycrystalline solar cells?

Yes, you can! Black polycrystalline solar cells have high efficiency and are sold by companies like Bluesun.

Do polycrystalline solar panels come with a warranty?

Yes, most manufacturers will offer a 10 to the 25-year warranty on their products.

What is the efficiency of a polycrystalline solar panel?

The average efficiency of a polycrystalline solar panel is between 15 and 17%.

About the Author

Passionate about helping households transition to sustainable energy with helpful information and resources.

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