In theory, you can run a whole house on solar power, however, you would need a considerable amount of solar panels and a way to store the power for when the sun isn’t shining.

This is typically done with batteries, but it can be quite expensive to do this on a large scale.

In most cases, it is more practical to supplement your energy needs with solar power rather than trying to run your entire home off of it.

Powering Your House With Solar Panels

How much power can solar panels produce?

The average solar panel generates 170 to 350 watts every hour, depending on location and weather conditions.

Every solar panel converts 0.17 kWh to 0.35 kWh of energy into electricity each hour.

The top five energy-consuming home appliances

For context, here are the top 5 items in order based on electricity consumption according to The Energy Saving Trust:

  • Wet appliances.
  • Cold appliances.
  • Consumer electronics.
  • Lighting.
  • Cooking.

Wet appliances

Washing machines, dishwashers, and tumble dryers are the most energy-consuming household appliances, accounting for 14% of a typical power bill. They’re energy-greedy home appliances since their water is heated using electricity.

Cold appliances

Fridges and freezers consume roughly 13% of the average household’s power costs.

Because they are designed to remain on at all times, these devices require continuous power to maintain a consistent temperature.

They’re also one of the most long-lasting appliances in our home, with a typical fridge-freezer lifespan of 17 years.

Consumer electronics

Today, the majority of our energy consumption is attributed to consumer electronics, which should come as no surprise since they consume over 6% of your energy cost.


Lighting, which is typically about 5% of a home’s total energy cost, comes in second place after your electronics. LEDs are a good way to save energy by switching out halogen bulbs for them.


Kitchen appliances, including the hob, oven, kettle, and microwave, consume around 4% of your energy bills.

How Many Solar Panels Would I Need to Run My House?

If you want to try and run your entire house off of solar power, you would need a lot of solar panels. The average home uses around 30 kWh of electricity per day.

Assuming that you have an average sized home and an average amount of sunlight, you would need between 85 and 180 solar panels to meet your electricity needs.

Of course, this is just an estimate. The number of solar panels you would need would depend on a number of factors such as the size of your home, the climate you live in, and how much sunlight your property receives.

Is It Worth It to Run Your House Entirely on Solar Power?

The upfront cost of solar panels is a big initial investment. Solar panels typically cost between $2.50 and $3.50 per watt, so a 200-watt panel would cost you $500 to $700.

You would also need to factor in the cost of batteries, if you want to be able to store power for when the sun isn’t shining.

The cost of solar panels has come down significantly in recent years, so it is getting more and more feasible to run your entire home on solar power. However, it is still a significant investment, so you need to weigh the cost against the benefits to see if it is worth it for you.

The Steps

If you’re interested in running your whole home on solar power, the first step is to figure out how much energy you use on a daily basis.

This will give you an idea of how many solar panels you would need to generate enough power.

Simply multiply the unit’s wattage by the number of hours you use it to determine the number of watt-hours consumed each day.

To discover your total daily energy consumption, add up all of your appliances and gadgets.

Next, you need to determine how much sunlight your property receives. This will help you determine how many solar panels you need to generate enough power.

You can use a solar insolation map to get an idea of how much sunlight your area gets.

Once you have a rough estimate, you can start looking into the cost of solar panels and batteries.

It’s important to keep in mind that solar power is a long-term investment, so you’ll need to factor in the cost of maintenance and repairs over time.

How Does Solar Energy Work?

Solar energy refers to the conversion of sunlight into electrical power by way of photovoltaic (PV) panels or mirrors that gather and focus solar radiation.

This energy might be used to produce electricity or stored for later usage through batteries or thermal storage systems.

What Is Solar Power?

Solar power the conversion of sunlight into electricity, is one of the cleanest and most renewable energy sources available.

Solar panels, also called photovoltaic (PV) cells, convert sunlight into direct current (DC) electricity.

Can Solar Panels Power A House During A Power Outage?

The short answer is no, they won’t. Unless you specifically configure your panels so that they will remain switched on in the event of a power outage, they are designed to switch off automatically as soon as possible.

During a power outage, you won’t be able to utilize them to run your house or even turn appliances on at home.

Having said that, you could use a portable generator in conjunction with your solar panels to provide power during an outage.

A generator can keep selected appliances running while you wait for the power to come back on.

Battery storage

When you combine solar power with battery storage, you can create a system that will provide power even when the sun isn’t shining.

Batteries store excess solar power so that it can be used later, such as at night or during a power outage.

This is an important factor to consider if you’re interested in running your whole home on solar power.

How Many Solar Panels To Run A House Off-grid?

As an average, a three-bedroom home fully off-the-grid would require roughly 4.4kW of solar panel output.

A smaller energy-efficient structure might only need 2.2kw, but a larger house with more energy consuming equipment might require as much as 6.6 kW.

As you can see, the amount of solar panels needed to run a house off-grid will vary depending on the size and energy efficiency of the building, as well as the number and types of appliances being used.

In order to find out exactly how many solar panels you would need to power your home, you can use a solar calculator.

A solar calculator will take into account factors such as the average amount of sunlight in your area, the size of your roof, and the energy efficiency of your appliances.

It will then give you an estimate of the number of PV panels required.

Can Solar Panels Heat a Whole House?

Solar photovoltaic (PV) panels are used on any type of roof to generate electricity.

They utilize solar energy to power a home, including electric radiators and heating systems, during the day.

The average 3-bedroom detached home in the UK requires approximately 4,800 kWh of energy per year to maintain a comfortable temperature inside.

Solar PV panels can generate around 850 – 1,100 kWh/year, meaning a household would need 4-5 solar PV panels installed to heat their home from renewable energy sources.

About the Author

Passionate about helping households transition to sustainable energy with helpful information and resources.

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